NKN is the “New Kind of Network” that aims to be the infrastructure of a decentralized internet, an internet where big-tech companies and a few powerful people with money cannot control the flow of information. It’s powered by a public novel blockchain also seeking to use economic incentives to motivate internet users to share network connections and utilize unused bandwidth.
In a world where our privacy data is constantly being sold to the highest bidder, NKN completely annihilates the possibility of privacy breaches as it cuts out the centralized servers entirely. This zero server removes the single point of failure and a centralized target for hacks, attacking, and probably most interesting it removes a centralized entity able to dictate what information humanity sees.
Power Consolidated Online
Governments can censor and even ban internet-access for citizens at their own will due to an imbalance of power online, we only need to look at countries like China and Egypt within the last decade for examples of governments limiting or completely censoring access to information. The internet itself has already become centralized into the hands of companies like Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon and Microsoft. These giants of industry make deals with Tier 1 Internet Providers to secure their dominance while any other competition to these companies is left almost impossible to compete. The following is taken from The Daily Chain’s website in regards to Tier 1 Providers:
“Like the continents and countries of the World, the Internet is broken up into regions. Internet backbone (Tier 1) providers who work closely with government regulators control the flow of traffic between these regions. These few large providers, who number a dozen or so globally (there is no official number) enter peering agreements and transmit agreements with each other, and also the smaller Tier 2 and Tier 3 networks, to remunerate one another for data transmitted. All these providers can serve as ISP’s (Internet Service Providers). Internet backbone providers try to operate with a settlement-free interconnection, also known as settlement-free peering. In other words, Tier 1 networks can exchange traffic with other Tier 1 networks without having to pay any fees for the exchange of traffic in either direction. However peering is founded on the principle of equality of traffic between the partners and so disagreements arise between partners in which usually one of the partners disconnects the link in order to force the other into a payment scheme. These payment schemed are known as transmit agreements. Negotiating transmit agreements takes time and the system of remuneration is far from perfect.”
Internet activists would like you to believe that the Internet is a free system, but that’s an illusion. We are on the Internet because there’s money to be made out of us. This is not just a situation stretching to your local ISP – it’s how the very backbone of the internet functions. The control wielded by these companies is vast – the 2007 case of Comcast blocking or slowing access for some subscribers is just a raindrop in the ocean. They’re capable of slowing down or cutting off entire nations.
It’s no surprise that higher developed nations would have more power in regards to the internet, content giants that enable access to the internet are primarily located in the United States and Europe (although there are about 7 major companies). It’s not just the higher developed nations, but those industry giants who have an unreasonable amount of influence on stories, opinions, and ultimately the very thought-processes of people worldwide. Data flow, ideas, and you could even say the ethos of humanity remains currently in the hands of a few men. They attempt to dictate this zeitgeist to the masses, and while they can never fully control the spirit of humanity they still hold the strings. It’s up to us to cut those strings.
A New Kind Of Network
Just like Bitcoin and Ethereum blockchainized computing power, NKN wants to blockchainize the network itself by equalizing all nodes in the network. NKN introduced the concept of Decentralized Data Transmission Network (DDTN). DDTN combines multiple independent and self-organized relay nodes to provide clients with connectivity and data transmission capability. This coordination is decentralized and does not require trust of any involved parties. Proof of relay is used to drive consensus on NKN where work performed benefits the whole network by providing more transmission power.
From their whitepaper, “The competition between nodes in the network will eventually drive the system towards the direction of low latency, high bandwidth data transmission network.” For anyone who wants to read the full paper, I will link it below at the bottom of this article. One big question facing NKN, would big-tech companies allow such an adversary to their power? Or will they seek to undermine it at every turn? Today, most communications need to go through a centralized server, where it can be blocked or sabotaged, hacked into, or eavesdropped on. With NKN it would be impossible to shut down the network by targeting a central controlling party (or by those in control of the central controlling party itself) because their wouldn’t be one.
NKN seeks to create a Web 3.0 where anyone will have access to a huge amount of structured data using software. Most importantly, a decentralized internet with no centralized control, optimal use of network resources, and an internet where information would be totally free. It seems inevitable at this point that we are living more and more in a digital world. A network that is decentralized makes this future reality a safer and free place for everyone.
NKN Website: https://nkn.org/
NKN Whitepapers: https://nkn.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/NKN_Whitepaper.pdf